Great Istanbul
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Let your self experience a great city where the Continents meet.


Latest News

Islamic Arts museum

Turkish and Islamic Arts Museum is re-opened after restorations.

Museum Pass

You can buy the "Museum Pass" for foreigners which is valid for 3 and 5 days in various museums of Istanbul.

Museums open 7 days

The museums in Istanbul will operate 7 days a week, except Topkapi Palace.


More News

Istanbul in numbers

Geography

Coordinates: 41.09 north, 29.42 east
Area: 5.461 square km

  • 17% is good for agriculture
  • 47% is forested area
  • 36% open for housing
  • 1,1 m2 green for 1.000 people
Highest hill: 537 meters, Aydos Hill on the Asian side
Neighborhoods: 936
Districts: 39


Demography

Population: 14,657,434 as of 1st of January 2016 (10.041.477 in 2000), that is 18.6% of the total population of Turkey (78,741,053 as of January 2016).
Density: 2,821 person/km2 (27 times of Turkey, which is 102 person per square km)
Population growth rate: 1.5 % yearly

  • Around 5 million (35 %) lives on the Asian side (Anatolia), around 9 million (65 %) on the European side (Thrace)
  • 50.21 % of the population is men (in Turkey the rate is 50.2 %)
  • 84.2 % are born outside of Istanbul (mostly in Sivas)

Climate

Average temperature: 13,6 degrees Celsius
Average relative humidity: 79 %
Average sea temperature: 15-16 Celsius


Building

Housing: 869.444 buildings or 4,135,106 single units (approximate in 2012)
Islamic Mosques: 3.269 (as of January 2015)
Christian Churches: 143
Jewish Synagogues: 16


Traffic

Plate number: 34
Motor vehicles: 3.482.803 (1 car for each 5 person) as of May 2015

  • 1/5 of the cars in Turkey (approximately 19.328.083 as of May 2015) are in Istanbul
  • about 30.000 new cars join in every month !!!
Roads: 25.000 km
Police: 37.979 (2015)
Taxis: 17.395 (2015)
Public buses: 6.135 (2015)
Suspension Bridges: 2 over the Bosphorus, making 1,384,783 US Dollars daily income total from both bridges, around 1 million vehicles daily (as of 2013). The construction of the third suspension bridge has started in May 2013 and is planned to be completed in Summer 2016.
Airports: 2 international, 1 private, several military. The third international airport is being built nowadays.
Fishing boats: 2,058


Education

Literacy rate: 97.3 % (over 6 years of age), it's over the country's average (95,8 % in Turkey)
Elementary schools: 2.981 (as of 2015)
Middle schools: 1.190 (2015)
High schools: 914
Students: 2.666.700 (2015)
Teachers: 127.734 (2015)
Universities: 47 (30% of total universities of Turkey are in Istanbul)

  • 70% of students are in State universities
  • 30% in Private universities

Health

Hospitals: 232 (in 2014), 71% of them are private hospitals
Hospital beds: 31,866 (in 2013)
Doctors: 25,661 (1.617 patients for each doctor)
Pharmacies: 4,921 (2014)
Blood centers: 31
Dialysis centers: 70
X-ray labs: 350
Cemetaries: 555 muslim + 65 non-muslim, around 4 million tombs (2015)
Elderly homes: 61 (33 of them are private), with 5.535 beds (in 2004)
Homeless children: 236


Culture

Libraries: 72
Cultural centers: 62
Fair/Congress centers: 8
Concerts halls: 28
Movie theaters: 70
Theaters: 23
Art galleries: 68
Newspapers: 337 local and 28 national papers
Media: 15 TV stations and 130 radio stations


Sports

Licensed sportsmen: 105.009 (61.708 active)
Stadiums: 16 with grass (139.729 capacity) and 11 with firm ground
Olympic shooting range: 1
Bowling saloons: 9
Golf courses: 2
Football (Soccer) teams: 5 teams in Super League, 1 team in 1st League, 10 teams in League C (as of 2014-2015 Season)
Sports clubs: 470 football clubs, 190 basketball, 92 volleyball, 16 handicapped, 251 karate/judo/tekwandoo, 68 boxing


Tourism

Tourists: 11.842.983 (in 2014), which is about 30% of total arrivals in Turkey (41.415.070 tourists in 2014)
Hotels: 471 (80+ five star, 100+ four star, 90+ three star, 110+ two star, 10+ one star, 125+ special category)
Beds: 150,000 (as of Jan 2015)
Travel agents: 2,441 (in 2014)
Sites: 63 museums, 64 historic mosques, 66 historic medresse, 49 historic churches, 1 historic synagogue, 17 palaces
Tourist entertainment installations: 349


Utilities

Fixed phones: 4.385.401
Electricity consumption: 29 billion 720 million Kw/h per year
Natural gas consumption: 3.757.000.000 m3
Natural gas subscribers: 5.931.345 (as of 2015) (It was 5,120 in 1990)
Water consumption: 2.906.169 m3 per day (July 2014), 174 liters per person per day


Economy

Municipality budget: 12,2 billion TL (2015)
Contribution to national budget: 6.454.947 x million TL
GNP per capita: 3.063 USD (7th in Turkey, first being Kocaeli province with 6,165 USD)
Share in national GNP: 23 %
Share in national bank deposits: 35%
Share in national tax collected: 40%
Bank branches: 1.730 (approximately 29% of total banks in Turkey)
Free Trade Zones: 4 (Thrace, Ataturk airport, Leather and Industrial, Stock Exchange)
Import/Export: 57% of national export and 60% of national import was made from Istanbul (in 2005), major export is textile
Commercial firms: 267.248 (63.31 % are Limited), 29,5 % of total firms of Turkey are in Istanbul

  • 99% of workers are in private sector
  • 1% are in State offices (30,5 % of total workers of Turkey are in Istanbul)
  • 53.3 % of the population work in services
  • 32.2 % in industry
  • 8.1 % in agriculture
  • 6.2 % in construction (in 2000)
Unemployment rate: 15,5 % (461.185 people)
Social security: 4.057.090 people, that makes around 90% of the population insured considering parenthood such as husband-wife or parents-children etc.
  • 75% are insured with SGK
  • 14% with Bagkur
  • 11% with Emekli Sandigi
  • 3% holds Green card (324.980 people)

Hope to see you soon in Istanbul.