Great Istanbul
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Let your self experience a great city where the Continents meet.


Latest News

Islamic Arts museum

Turkish and Islamic Arts Museum is re-opened after restorations.

Museum Pass

You can buy the "Museum Pass" for foreigners which is valid for 3 and 5 days in various museums of Istanbul.

Museums open 7 days

The museums in Istanbul will operate 7 days a week, except Topkapi Palace.


More News

Istanbul in numbers

Geography

Coordinates: 41.09 north, 29.42 east
Area: 5.461 square km

  • 17% is good for agriculture
  • 47% is forested area
  • 36% open for housing
  • 1,1 m2 green for 1.000 people
Highest hill: 537 meters, Aydos Hill on the Asian side
Neighborhoods: 936
Districts: 39


Demography

Population: 14,657,434 as of 1st of January 2016 (10.041.477 in 2000), that is 18.6% of the total population of Turkey (78,741,053 as of January 2016).
Density: 2,821 person/km2 (27 times of Turkey, which is 102 person per square km)
Population growth rate: 1.5 % yearly

  • Around 5 million (35 %) lives on the Asian side (Anatolia), around 9 million (65 %) on the European side (Thrace)
  • 50.21 % of the population is men (in Turkey the rate is 50.2 %)
  • 84.2 % are born outside of Istanbul (mostly in Sivas)

Climate

Average temperature: 13,6 degrees Celsius
Average relative humidity: 79 %
Average sea temperature: 15-16 Celsius


Building

Housing: 869.444 buildings or 4,135,106 single units (approximate in 2012)
Islamic Mosques: 3.269 (as of January 2015)
Christian Churches: 143
Jewish Synagogues: 16


Traffic

Plate number: 34
Motor vehicles: 3.482.803 (1 car for each 5 person) as of May 2015

  • 1/5 of the cars in Turkey (approximately 19.328.083 as of May 2015) are in Istanbul
  • about 30.000 new cars join in every month !!!
Roads: 25.000 km
Police: 37.979 (2015)
Taxis: 17.395 (2016)
Public buses: 6.135 (2015)
Suspension Bridges: 3 over the Bosphorus, making 2 million US Dollars daily income total from them, around 1 million vehicles daily (as of 2013).
Tunnels: There are 2 underwater tunnels at the bottom of the Bosphorus; The Marmaray Tunnel was opened in October 2013 and used by subway trains, The Eurasia Tunnel was opened in December 2016 and used by cars and minibusses. There are also several small and mid-size tunnels under the hills of the city for motor vehicles in order to ease the traffic in the center.
Airports: 2 international, 1 private, several military. The third international airport is being built nowadays, planned to be opened in 2018.
Fishing boats: 2,058


Education

Literacy rate: 97.3 % (over 6 years of age), it's over the country's average (95,8 % in Turkey)
Elementary schools: 2.981 (as of 2015)
Middle schools: 1.190 (2015)
High schools: 914
Students: 2.666.700 (2015)
Teachers: 127.734 (2015)
Universities: 50 (30% of total universities of Turkey are in Istanbul)

  • 70% of students are in State universities
  • 30% in Private universities

Health

Hospitals: 232 (in 2014), 71% of them are private hospitals
Hospital beds: 31,866 (in 2013)
Doctors: 25,661 (1.617 patients for each doctor)
Pharmacies: 4,921 (2014)
Blood centers: 31
Dialysis centers: 70
X-ray labs: 350
Cemetaries: 555 muslim + 65 non-muslim, around 4 million tombs (2015)
Elderly homes: 61 (33 of them are private), with 5.535 beds (in 2004)
Homeless children: 236


Culture

Libraries: 72
Cultural centers: 62
Fair/Congress centers: 8
Concerts halls: 28
Movie theaters: 70
Theaters: 23
Art galleries: 68
Newspapers: 337 local and 28 national papers
Media: 15 TV stations and 130 radio stations


Sports

Licensed sportsmen: 105.009 (61.708 active)
Stadiums: 16 with grass (139.729 capacity) and 11 with firm ground
Olympic shooting range: 1
Bowling saloons: 9
Golf courses: 2
Football (Soccer) teams: 5 teams in Super League, 1 team in 1st League, 10 teams in League C (as of 2014-2015 Season)
Sports clubs: 470 football clubs, 190 basketball, 92 volleyball, 16 handicapped, 251 karate/judo/tekwandoo, 68 boxing


Tourism

Tourists: 9.203.987 (2016), which is about 30% of total arrivals in Turkey (36.244.632 tourists in 2015)
Hotels: 471 (80+ five star, 100+ four star, 90+ three star, 110+ two star, 10+ one star, 125+ special category)
Beds: 150,000 (as of Jan 2015)
Travel agents: 2,441 (in 2014)
Sites: 63 museums, 64 historic mosques, 66 historic medresse, 49 historic churches, 1 historic synagogue, 17 palaces
Tourist entertainment installations: 349


Utilities

Fixed phones: 4.385.401
Electricity consumption: 29 billion 720 million Kw/h per year
Natural gas consumption: 3.757.000.000 m3
Natural gas subscribers: 5.931.345 (as of 2015) (It was 5,120 in 1990)
Water consumption: 2.906.169 m3 per day (July 2014), 174 liters per person per day


Economy

Municipality budget: 12,2 billion TL (2015)
Contribution to national budget: 6.454.947 x million TL
GNP per capita: 3.063 USD (7th in Turkey, first being Kocaeli province with 6,165 USD)
Share in national GNP: 23 %
Share in national bank deposits: 35%
Share in national tax collected: 40%
Bank branches: 1.730 (approximately 29% of total banks in Turkey)
Free Trade Zones: 4 (Thrace, Ataturk airport, Leather and Industrial, Stock Exchange)
Import/Export: 57% of national export and 60% of national import was made from Istanbul (in 2005), major export is textile
Commercial firms: 267.248 (63.31 % are Limited), 29,5 % of total firms of Turkey are in Istanbul

  • 99% of workers are in private sector
  • 1% are in State offices (30,5 % of total workers of Turkey are in Istanbul)
  • 53.3 % of the population work in services
  • 32.2 % in industry
  • 8.1 % in agriculture
  • 6.2 % in construction (in 2000)
Unemployment rate: 15,5 % (461.185 people)
Social security: 4.057.090 people, that makes around 90% of the population insured considering parenthood such as husband-wife or parents-children etc.
  • 75% are insured with SGK
  • 14% with Bagkur
  • 11% with Emekli Sandigi
  • 3% holds Green card (324.980 people)

Hope to see you soon in Istanbul.